Simultaneously, historical and future achievements in food security are under threat due to climate change and increasing pressures on natural resources. The goal of the report is to increase the understanding of the challenges that agriculture, rural development and food systems are currently facing and will be facing in the coming decades.
The report discusses 15 global trends spanning a range of themes: demographics, economic growth, climate change, agricultural productivity, pests and diseases, conflicts and natural disasters, poverty and food insecurity, nutrition and health, structural change and employment, migration and agriculture, food losses and waste, governance, and development finance. These trends are strongly interdependent and inform a set of 10 challenges to achieving food security.
According to the report, global demand for agricultural products is expected to increase by at least 50 percent by Incomes are also expected to grow especially in low- and middle-income countries , leading to increased demand for meat, fruits, and vegetables. The food and agricultural sectors are also closely linked with climate change.
On the one hand, agriculture comprises one of the main drivers of climate change, contributing substantially to greenhouse gas emissions and deforestation. On the other hand, climate change negatively impacts agricultural production and crop yields in a myriad of ways. For instance, climate change increases rainfall variability and the incidence of floods and droughts.
These impacts are expected to increase in the coming decades and will require swift responses to improve agricultural adaptation and mitigation. Agricultural productivity varies significantly across the world and, despite increased investments, agriculture in low- and middle-income countries is much less capital-intensive and productive than agriculture in high-income countries.
Countries in Africa south of the Sahara and South Asia, regions with relatively low agricultural productivity, need to improve their yields significantly in order to double output by and keep up with increased demand. At the same time, yield increases are slowing due to climate change; investments in conservation and climate-smart agriculture will be key to increasing agricultural productivity, especially in vulnerable areas. The report also highlights that conflicts, crises, and natural disasters have been increasing in number and intensity in recent years.
The Future of Food and Agriculture: Trends and challenges | Food Security Portal
This is significant, as these crises reduce food availability, disrupt access to food and health care, and undermine social protection systems, driving many people into poverty and hunger. The proportion of undernourished people living in low-income countries experiencing a protracted crisis is between 2. The report highlights the need to increase peace-keeping efforts around the world, as well as to better ensure human rights and economic and social equity, both within and among countries.
In addition, early warning systems and disaster preparedness programs need to be stepped up in areas prone to natural disasters and climate-related shocks. This will require improved data collection, monitoring, and reporting at the sub-national, national, and regional levels in order to improve information-sharing and harmonize resilience-building efforts across countries.
Another important trend is that while rates of extreme poverty and undernutrition have fallen, the triple burden of malnutrition remains a global health emergency. In particular, rates of overweight and obesity have increased rapidly in recent years and are expected to continue increasing until To properly address these challenges, policymakers will need to ensure adequate food access and food utilization, not simply adequate food production. In addition, efforts to educate consumers about healthy food choices should be stepped up in both developing and developed countries.
ISBN 13: 9781605668208
Patterns of structural change and agricultural transformation differ across regions. For instance, small-scale producers and landless populations, who live mainly in developing countries, are increasingly forced to seek employment opportunities in other sectors, driving migratory flows and the feminization of farming in many parts of the world. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies ICTs in the rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture.
The e-Agriculture Community of Practice is a global initiative launched in partnership with the e-Agriculture Working Group in to enhance the role of ICT in agricultural development and food security. It provides an international framework to facilitate the processes of capturing, managing, and disseminating the lessons learned through national and regional activities, as well as the results and implications of multilateral processes related to the use of ICT in agriculture and rural development. The e-Agriculture Community also provides the basis for the international community to monitor development and validation of conceptual models and meth- odologies, and to package and disseminate them once tested.
Through its collective activities some additional outputs of the Community include: the development and strengthening of innovative mechanisms and processes for information exchange and communication, including normative guide- lines and tools being formulated, tested and disseminated to address the range of demands and capabilities of different Community members; empowering networks for exchange of new mechanisms and processes among key stakeholders; relevant content in digital format being developed, filtered, mobilized and exchanged by community members; and other activities based on active partnerships and collaborative lesson-learning.
The e-Agriculture community has over 6, registered individual members. This membership encompasses development practitioners, policymakers, representatives of farmer organizations, researchers, and information and communication specialists involved in agriculture and rural development, from more than countries. The Community activities comprise three components: a web-based multilingual space English, French and Spanish for knowledge sharing and collaboration on a neutral domain e-agriculture ; face-to-face events; and in- country interventions.
Over this past year, e-Agriculture Community members from around the world participated in activities such as online forum discussions virtual meetings , international and regional meetings, and free online capacity building opportunities through the IMARK partnership. Participation from both the private sector and non-UN organizations was also secured.
As it is a reviewed article, here the researchers were collected data from secondary sources like Books, Journals, and Web sources to translate and transform the research into action in the realm of Human Development by ICT. It is envisioned that the e-Agriculture Community will grow in by building upon the current successful knowledge sharing functions, and developing an interconnected series of pi- lot interventions, models of action and means for assessment, based on inputs from the e-Agriculture Community.
Lessons learned from the national and regional components can be captured and disseminated through the e-Agriculture Community, and through other major participating institutions in support of capacity building. In order to facilitate this effectively, the establishment of a formal Secretariat with some financial commitments from partner organizations is deemed essential.
To reduce knowledge gaps and increase knowledge sharing for increasing productivity and boosting growth in rural areas. Funds and liability coverage through agriculture finance and agriculture insurance. Assistance from universities on new techniques used in increase production yield. Market infrastructure like warehouses and cold chain management. Since information technology solutions to facilitate the collection of agricultural information.
A multi media multipurpose community tele centre in the village to enhance access to educational weather and health information through internet, media, T. Use of wireless technology as most economical and technically feasible method to bring affordable internet. Use of internet access and backbone data communications infrastructure and radio transmission to cover the last mile and ensure enough bandwidth to support other types of e- applications such as e-learning, e-community, e-health and the main application is e-agriculture.
Use of wireless routers located to enable further expansion of the data communication infrastructure to additional sites within the kilometre.
https://progaminir.tk The application of ICT in agriculture through various organizations which has been evolving with various initiatives in order to encompassing the all agric value chain and knowledge technology. Kisan Call centre, Bhoomi Project, Village knowledge centre etc. Operating well throughout the country. Good data and information can be an important tool for decision making and for taking action by the farming community. ITcs will serve as a predominant role for fulfilling the needs of a Second green revolution.
The Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, therefore, is in the process of preparing a National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture NeGP-A for a more focused implementation of e-governance activities in the agriculture sector.
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The Department has developed four portals and 40 websites covering both headquarters and its sub-formations under the component "Development of Agricultural Informatics and Communications". The Department of Agriculture and Cooperation is supporting e-governance activities at the state agriculture and allied departments through AGRISNET, a state sector mission mode project, which aims at providing improved ser- vices to the farming community using Information and Communication Technology ICT. Kisan Call Centers initiative aims to provide information to the farming community through toll-free telephone lines.
The Association For People of Haryana AFPOH has taken many steps and initiatives at national and international level in the fields of agriculture, health, rural infrastructure development, revitalizing.
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As far as initiatives for e-agriculture in India are concerned, they have shared their research works and suggestions with national and international community. They have also started an initiative titled e-agriculture in India that would endeavour to amalgamate ICT with agriculture in India. The area of operation of AFPOH covers segments like agriculture, health, banking, finance and insurance, education, rural infrastructure development, power, etc. AFPOH has strengthened the use of IT in agriculture by extending support for legal and regulatory measure that farmers and other people may face in various situations.
E-agriculture and E-government for Global Policy Development: Implications and Future Directions
AFPOH intends to provide a 'voice' to the marginalized and deprived segment so that national and international communities can coordinate and collaborate their empowerment initiatives. Concepts like e-agriculture, e-health, e-learning, e-commerce, e-banking, etc are also some of the initiative that are in the process of implementation by AFPOH. Initiative of e-Agriculture at State Level. The aggregation of the demand for farm inputs from individual farmers gives them access to high quality inputs from established and reputed manufacturers at fair prices. As a direct marketing channel, virtually linked to the 'mandi' system for price discovery, 'e-Choupal' eliminates wasteful intermediation and multiple handling.
Thereby it significantly reduces transaction costs.
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